Optics and photonics for point-of-care (POC) biomedical technology

This paper focuses on Optics and photonics for point-of-care (POC) biomedical technology for low and middle-income countries (LMIC). Expected major components of the report:

Optics and photonics for point-of-care (POC) biomedical technology

Topic:
Optics and photonics for point-of-care (POC) biomedical technology for low and middle-income countries (LMIC).
Expected major components of the report:

Firstly,  Introduction.

Secondly,  Review

Thirdly, Analysis.

Fourthly, Conclusion

Questions to address:
What has been done? (Survey of techniques and devices, commercialized or not)

Secondly,  What are the medical applications of photonics-based POC devices?

Thirdly,  What optics and photonics technologies are use d? (E.g. lasers, LEDs, fluorescence, fibre optics, etc.)

Fourthly, What technologies have been commercialize d successfully?

More details;

Point-of-care (POC)

A major trend in biomedical engineering is the development of reliable, self-contained point-of-care (POC) devices for diagnostics and in-field assays. The new generation of such platforms increasingly addresses the clinical and environmental needs. Moreover, they are becoming more and more integrated with everyday objects, such as smartphones, and their spread among unskilled common people, has the power to improve the quality of life, both in the developed world and in low-resource settings. The future success of these tools will depend on the integration of the relevant key enabling technologies on an industrial scale (microfluidics with microelectronics, highly sensitive detection methods and low-cost materials for easy-to-use tools). Here, recent advances and perspectives will be reviewed across the large spectrum of their applications.
The appearance of lab-on-a-chip (LOC) technologies and the improvement of micro total analysis systems (µTAS) have provided new tools for a broad range of applications, from health (diagnosis and disease management) to monitoring of environmental threats, as well as detection of bio-warfare agents, toxins and allergens in food and agriculture products. The interest in these platforms is worldwide, as witnessed by the international funding for research and the strong academic and industrial efforts to turn them into common use tools.

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